Premenstrual Syndrome, popularly known by its shortened form, PMS denotes a set of features. These features can be physical as well as psychological. While there are numerous symptoms of PMS, anger, depression, and mood swings are the symptoms among women and even some men. What exactly happens when a woman faces PMS?

90% of women undergo PMS at some point of time in their lifetime. The exact reason for PMS is unknown. The sex hormones and neurotransmitters interact during the ovulation cycle leading to PMS. It is severe in women who are over 40 years of age and moderate in women who are 30 years of age. 

When a woman undergoes ovulation, which happens every month naturally, a lot of psychological, physical, and emotional disturbances happen. These disturbances trace back to the Greeks of the ancient era. 

Mood related symptoms:

  • Crying
  • Oversensitivity
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Anger
  • Exaggerated mood swings
  • Tension
  • Anxiety
  • Wanting to be alone

Physical Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Breast tenderness
  • Appetite changes or cravings
  • Acne
  • Bloating caused by fluid retention
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Swollen hand and feet

When evaluating these indications, it is easy to find that many of the physical and mood-related symptoms of PMS are akin to early indicators of pregnancy. Many women can tell cravings, breast tenderness, headache, fatigue, and bloating were how they suspected of being pregnant. When you want to differentiate between PMS and pregnancy, the best thing to do is to try a pregnancy test when a menstrual period is absent.

The severity of the symptoms:

These general symptoms can happen to any woman and thankfully go off when the menstrual cycle starts. When it is not common but very severe, it is called PMDD, which is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Also known as the luteal phase, this occurs in a smaller group of women across the globe. The severe symptoms lead to lots of damages in regular functioning. 

The duration of PMS again is not the same for all women. A few women get out of the symptoms when the menstrual cycle begins, and in severe cases, it can go beyond that. One has to understand that stress does not cause PMS, but can worsen it. 

If you feel that you have PMS, consult your doctor. The doctor tracks the symptoms each month. If there is the same pattern, your doctor will conclude that you have PMS. While it is not possible to prevent PMS, it is possible to manage the symptoms. Healthy foods and regular exercise can solve this problem. If you have severe symptoms, your doctor might prescribe medicines to tackle the symptoms. 

Medication for the Pre Menstrual Syndrome symptoms:

As Premenstrual Symptoms have no cure, over the counter pills provide relief to many women who suffer from this condition. Aspirin and ibuprofen are the popular choices that aid in easing cramps and headaches. They also help women who suffer from breast tenderness. The severity of the symptoms decides the medicines prescribed. 

How diuretics help:

Diuretics keep off the extra fluid and sodium from the body.  Doctors prescribe them often. They help deal with bloating, breast pain and tenderness, and pain in the abdominal area. Take these when needed and stopped when the symptoms stop existing. As PMS can cause lots of trouble emotionally and psychologically, doctors prescribe antidepressants. In women with severe anxiety and depression, antidepressants are beneficial in coming out of depression and anxiety. 

Can birth control pills aid:

Birth control pills are often the name heard when it comes to easing the symptoms of PMS. They act by evening the hormone levels throughout the cycle. You need to check with your gynecologist if you want to take them every month to ease the PMS symptoms. It is because these pills should be taken every day, even when your menstrual cycle is not on, or when you are feeling good. There are side effects associated with a result. 

How to deal the symptoms of PMS:

Managing PMS is tough. But it is not impossible. You need to understand what your symptoms are. Track the symptoms on the calendar. You can eat the right diet or change the diet, and do workouts every day. Check how these affect your PMS. Most of the time, these are the ways you can manage the symptoms without any medicines. You can also try taking vitamin supplements. Vitamin B6, E supplements, and the supplements for tryptophan, manganese, and magnesium can help. But, you cannot take them on your own. Too much of these can lead to adverse effects on health. If you think about adding vitamins, then try from natural sources that bioavailable. 

Calcium supplements help manage a couple of symptoms of PMS. Cramps, back pain, and water retention are few PMS symptoms that many women suffer. Calcium supplements help in keeping off them or easing them. 

Lifestyle changes:

When you want to counter Premenstrual Syndrome a few lifestyle changes are necessary. Here are a few tips 

  • Too much caffeine can lead to breast tenderness and cut on the amount of coffee you take.
  • The same applies to your alcohol intake. Alcohol can add to your depression.
  • Sleep tight. Eight hours of sleep is mandatory.
  • Stick to a schedule when it comes to eating, sleeping, and exercising.
  • Thirty minutes of aerobics every day or at least 4 days a week can help a lot.
  • Keep off bloating by reducing or avoiding salt for a few days before your periods.
  • Take complex carbs, protein, and fiber. Reduce sugar and fat.
  • Do not bring in matters that are stressful till a week after your periods.

A healthy lifestyle is what you need to adopt to counter PMS. It not only helps in dealing with the symptoms but also improves your health overall.  


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